dating earthenware pottery

Diana Crosby, 39 years old

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Pottery identification has facets — clay color, glaze, shape and decoration are a few — but if you're lucky, the potter or pottery marked the item. Marks are incised or cut into the wet clay, impressed with a tool into the wet clay or stamped with a machine and ink on dry clay. Marks may dating earthenware pottery be created in the mold — and these are the most permanent. Paper labels are the least permanent marks, and many companies used a paper label and another method for marking wares. The marks below are images we've captured on ceramics we have owned.

Pottery tells a story and pottery made for dating earthenware pottery to the United States relates its own history, but most of us do not know how to read the date or history of pottery. Dating pottery and history intertwine as the pottery marks reflect changes in import and export laws established by the countries. Country of origin and import laws control the information on pottery imported to the United States. Locate marks to date pottery. A stamp or marking with the country of origin usually indicates an item made afterthe date of enactment of the McKinley Tariff Act in the United States. This act required that country of origin be marked on all imports. According to Harry Rinker, a noted authority on collectibles, marks were not required on individual pieces of a set.

The name of the pottery manufacturer and dating earthenware pottery approximation of date of manufacture can be discovered if the piece of pottery has a backstamp. There are way too many to list here as it would take a whole new website to list them all! The best reference book we have found is the Encyclopaedia of British Pottery and Porcelain Marks by Geoffrey A Godden and is probably the only book you will ever need. You can get a copy by clicking on the link below or alternatavely your local library will probably have a copy in their reference section.
More about dating earthenware pottery:
Earthenwarepottery that has not been fired to the point of vitrification and is thus slightly porous and coarser than stoneware dating earthenware pottery porcelain. The body can be covered completely or decorated with slip a liquid clay mixture applied before firingor it can be glazed. For both practical and decorative reasons, earthenware is usually glazed. To overcome its porosity which makes it impracticable for storing liquids in its unglazed state, for examplethe fired object is covered with finely ground glass powder suspended in water and is then fired a second time. During the firing, the fine particles covering the surface fuse into an amorphousglasslike layer, sealing the pores of the clay body. There are two main types of glazed earthenware. One is covered with a transparent lead glaze; when the earthenware body to which this glaze is applied has a cream colour, the product is called creamware. The second type, covered with an opaque white tin glaze, is variously called tin-enameled, or tin-glazedearthenware, majolicafaienceor delft.

For easy reference and as a quick guide to the possible attribution of your latest porcelain collectible or pottery marks. The marks listed below are grouped as far as was possible in a dating earthenware pottery order, with similar signs, graphics, etc grouped together. We have tried to include as many pottery marks as possible, but also tried to avoid too much duplication. If no additional information is currently available, the potter will be named below the image and clicking will open the Antique Collectibles gallery, to assist you with any examples of the potters items we may have listed. Including various marks from a range of British and European pottery and porcelain manufacturers. A quick view of some samples of the diverse range of Royal Doulton Marks.

Antique utilitarian stoneware can run the gamut from mediocre to megabucks in dating earthenware pottery of how much a piece is worth. The value will depend greatly on the piece's age, decor, size, and maker. The two-gallon jug above is signed "Robert Binghamton NY. This piece does have a quarter-sized chip and a few spider cracks. This large stoneware crock with two handles and blue freehand decor. A five-gallon stoneware crock with blue chicken decor, this piece is in excellent condition. It has no cracks, repairs or chips. A four-gallon stoneware crock, this piece is from Pittston, Pennsylvania and marked with the name Evan Jones.
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